Validate API

The validate API allows a user to validate a potentially expensive query without executing it. We’ll use the following test data to explain _validate:

PUT twitter/tweet/_bulk?refresh
{"index":{"_id":1}}
{"user" : "kimchy", "post_date" : "2009-11-15T14:12:12", "message" : "trying out Elasticsearch"}
{"index":{"_id":2}}
{"user" : "kimchi", "post_date" : "2009-11-15T14:12:13", "message" : "My username is similar to @kimchy!"}

When sent a valid query:

GET twitter/_validate/query?q=user:foo

The response contains valid:true:

{"valid":true,"_shards":{"total":1,"successful":1,"failed":0}}

Request Parameters

When executing exists using the query parameter q, the query passed is a query string using Lucene query parser. There are additional parameters that can be passed:

Name Description

df

The default field to use when no field prefix is defined within the query.

analyzer

The analyzer name to be used when analyzing the query string.

default_operator

The default operator to be used, can be AND or OR. Defaults to OR.

lenient

If set to true will cause format based failures (like providing text to a numeric field) to be ignored. Defaults to false.

analyze_wildcard

Should wildcard and prefix queries be analyzed or not. Defaults to false.

The query may also be sent in the request body:

GET twitter/tweet/_validate/query
{
  "query" : {
    "bool" : {
      "must" : {
        "query_string" : {
          "query" : "*:*"
        }
      },
      "filter" : {
        "term" : { "user" : "kimchy" }
      }
    }
  }
}
Note

The query being sent in the body must be nested in a query key, same as the search api works

If the query is invalid, valid will be false. Here the query is invalid because Elasticsearch knows the post_date field should be a date due to dynamic mapping, and foo does not correctly parse into a date:

GET twitter/tweet/_validate/query?q=post_date:foo
{"valid":false,"_shards":{"total":1,"successful":1,"failed":0}}

An explain parameter can be specified to get more detailed information about why a query failed:

GET twitter/tweet/_validate/query?q=post_date:foo&explain=true

responds with:

{
  "valid" : false,
  "_shards" : {
    "total" : 1,
    "successful" : 1,
    "failed" : 0
  },
  "explanations" : [ {
    "index" : "twitter",
    "valid" : false,
    "error" : "twitter/IAEc2nIXSSunQA_suI0MLw] QueryShardException[failed to create query:...failed to parse date field [foo]"
  } ]
}

When the query is valid, the explanation defaults to the string representation of that query. With rewrite set to true, the explanation is more detailed showing the actual Lucene query that will be executed.

For Fuzzy Queries:

GET twitter/tweet/_validate/query?rewrite=true
{
  "query": {
    "match": {
      "user": {
        "query": "kimchy",
        "fuzziness": "auto"
      }
    }
  }
}

Response:

{
   "valid": true,
   "_shards": {
      "total": 1,
      "successful": 1,
      "failed": 0
   },
   "explanations": [
      {
         "index": "twitter",
         "valid": true,
         "explanation": "+user:kimchy +user:kimchi^0.75 #(ConstantScore(_type:tweet))^0.0"
      }
   ]
}

For More Like This:

GET twitter/tweet/_validate/query?rewrite=true
{
  "query": {
    "more_like_this": {
      "like": {
        "_id": "2"
      },
      "boost_terms": 1
    }
  }
}

Response:

{
   "valid": true,
   "_shards": {
      "total": 1,
      "successful": 1,
      "failed": 0
   },
   "explanations": [
      {
         "index": "twitter",
         "valid": true,
         "explanation": "((user:terminator^3.71334 plot:future^2.763601 plot:human^2.8415773 plot:sarah^3.4193945 plot:kyle^3.8244398 plot:cyborg^3.9177752 plot:connor^4.040236 plot:reese^4.7133346 ... )~6) -ConstantScore(_uid:tweet#2)) #(ConstantScore(_type:tweet))^0.0"
      }
   ]
}
Caution

The request is executed on a single shard only, which is randomly selected. The detailed explanation of the query may depend on which shard is being hit, and therefore may vary from one request to another.